Fostering Belonging and Academic Success
After enduring disrupted school years and facing the challenging effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, educators returned to classrooms only to discover significant changes in their students. Prolonged periods of isolation and reliance on smartphones and social media during the pandemic have led to a decline in social skills, attention spans, and overall well-being among students. This, coupled with the existing smartphone epidemic, calls for a comprehensive approach to redesigning schools and addressing these issues.
The Smartphone Epidemic:
The rise of smartphones and social media has coincided with a concerning decline in the well-being of young people. Increased smartphone usage among teenagers, coupled with a decrease in reading and face-to-face interactions, has led to higher levels of depression, anxiety, and isolation. The pandemic further exacerbated these issues, as screen time increased significantly. The mental health crisis among young people demands immediate attention and action from schools.
Effects of the Pandemic:
During the pandemic, students spent even more time on their screens due to the lack of other activities. The consequences of excessive screen time are dire, with studies linking it to symptoms of depression and attention deficits. The lack of sustained attention and constant task-switching on smartphones hinders students’ ability to focus, concentrate, and engage in deep learning. Schools need to address this crisis and create an environment conducive to focused, meaningful learning.
The Trouble with Task Switching:
Constant task switching on smartphones leads to diminished attention spans and reduced impulse control, particularly in young people. The habit of seeking constant stimuli hampers students’ ability to engage in tasks that require sustained concentration and inhibiting distractions. The brain rewires itself based on its functions, further reinforcing this distracted state. To foster better learning outcomes, students must practice and develop their attention spans.
Rewiring Classrooms for Connectedness:
Classrooms play a crucial role in shaping students’ sense of belonging and academic success. Cultivating a positive classroom culture that maximizes both academic achievement and social connections is essential. Techniques such as Habits of Attention, Habits of Discussion, and Props can foster a supportive environment where students feel validated and encouraged. Teachers can intentionally establish social norms that promote collaboration, respect, and active participation.
Rewiring Schools for Belonging:
Creating a sense of connectedness at a school-wide level requires rethinking extracurricular activities, rituals, and social-emotional learning programs. Schools can expand after-school sports programs, create engaging game-day experiences, and provide open-ended opportunities for relaxation and social interaction. Recognizing and appreciating positive character traits, such as gratitude, helps students build stronger connections and improve their overall well-being.
Saying No to Cellphones:
Restricting cellphone use during large parts of the school day is crucial for maximizing students’ focus, attention, and social interactions. Implementing clear rules, such as turning off and storing cell phones during school hours, can significantly reduce distractions and foster a more connected learning environment. Successful examples of cellphone restrictions in schools have shown remarkable improvements in student engagement and overall well-being.
Resistance to cellphone restrictions often stems from concerns about infringing on students’ freedom or the need to teach them self-control. However, schools have a responsibility to provide a conducive learning environment that supports students’ long-term success. Cellphone restrictions are not about limiting freedom but rather protecting students from the harmful effects of excessive screen time. Schools should focus on teaching essential skills without assuming that teachers alone can address the complex psychological dependence on smartphones.
To address the challenges posed by the smartphone epidemic and the disruptions caused by the pandemic, schools must prioritize cellphone restrictions and implement strategies that foster belonging and academic success. Rewiring classrooms and schools for connectedness requires intentional efforts to create supportive social norms and provide opportunities for meaningful interactions. By recognizing the detrimental effects of excessive smartphone use and taking proactive steps to mitigate them, schools can help students regain their focus, rebuild their attention spans, and cultivate a sense of belonging essential for their overall well-being and future success.